Top Artists / Painters

Francis Bacon Francis Bacon 1909 - 1992 British

Francis Bacon was born in Dublin, Ireland to British parents in 1909. He moved to London in the 1920’s as his relationship with his father soured due to his emerging sexual identity as a homosexual.

Bacon lived a near vagrant life in and around London and spent a lot of time drinking and gambling in Soho. He survived on a very small allowance and was living in poverty until he started… more

Valentin Serov Valentin Serov 1865 - 1911 Russian

Valentin Alexandrovich Serov (Russian: –í–į–Ľ–Ķ–Ĺ—ā–łŐĀ–Ĺ –ź–Ľ–Ķ–ļ—Ā–įŐĀ–Ĺ–ī—Ä–ĺ–≤–ł—á –°–Ķ—Ä–ĺŐĀ–≤; 19 January 1865 ‚Äď 5 December 1911) was a Russian painter, and one of the premier portrait artists of his era.

Serov was born in Saint Petersburg, son of the Russian composer and music critic Alexander Serov, and his wife and former student Valentina Serova also a composer in her own right. Raised in a highly… more

Frank Auerbach Frank Auerbach 1931 British, German

One of Britain's preeminent post-war painters, Frank Auerbach was born in Berlin, Germany in 1931. Arriving in England as a Jewish refugee in 1939, he attended St Martin's School of Art, London, and studied with David Bomberg in night classes at Borough Polytechnic. He then studied at the Royal College of Art and has remained in London ever since. His first exhibition was held at London's… more

Pierre Soulages Pierre Soulages 1919 French

Pierre Soulages was born on December 24, 1919, in Rodez, in the south of France. As a child, he was fascinated by the Celtic carvings in the local museum and the architecture of the abbey of Sainte-Foy in nearby Conques, and these early impressions would continue to surface throughout his career. In 1938, inspired by the works of Paul C√©zanne and Pablo Picasso, he enrolled in the √Čcole‚Ķ more

Albert Namatjira Albert Namatjira 1902 - 1959 Australian

Albert Namatjira was an Australian Arrente artist largely credited with pioneering contemporary indigenous Australian art and popularizing it worldwide. Namatjira was born on July 28, 1902 in Alice Springs, Australia and adopted Christianity at an early age, dividing his cultural upbringing between a Western and Aboriginal one. He was taught to paint by Rex Batterbee while he guided the artist… more

Max Ernst Max Ernst 1891 - 1976 German

Max Ernst¬†(2 April 1891 ‚Äď 1 April 1976) was a German (naturalised American in 1948 and French in 1958) painter, sculptor,¬†graphic artist, and poet.¬†A prolific artist, Ernst was a primary pioneer of the¬†Dada¬†movement and¬†surrealism.¬†He had no formal artistic training, but his experimental attitude toward the making of art resulted in his invention of¬†frottage‚ÄĒa technique that‚Ķ more

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Kirchner German

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner¬†(6 May 1880 ‚Äď 15 June 1938) was a German¬†expressionist¬†painter¬†and¬†printmaker¬†and one of the founders of the artists group¬†Die Br√ľcke¬†or "The Bridge", a key group leading to the foundation of¬†Expressionism¬†in 20th-century art. He volunteered for army service in the¬†First World War, but soon suffered a breakdown and was discharged. His work was branded as‚Ķ more

Paul Cezanne Paul Cezanne 1839 - 1906 French

Paul C√©zanne ( 19 January 1839 ‚Äď 22 October 1906) was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th-century conception of artistic endeavour to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century.

Cézanne is said to have formed the bridge between late 19th-century Impressionism and the early 20th century's new… more

Vincent van Gogh Vincent van Gogh 1853 - 1890 Dutch

Vincent Willem van Gogh¬†¬†30 March 1853¬†‚Äď 29 July 1890) was a Dutch¬†Post-Impressionist¬†painter who posthumously became one of the most famous and influential figures in¬†Western art¬†history. In a decade, he created about 2,100 artworks, including around 860¬†oil paintings, most of which date from the last two years of his life. They include¬†landscapes,¬†still lifes,¬†portraits, and‚Ķ more

John Peter Russell John Peter Russell 1858 - 1930 Australian

John Peter Russell (1858-1930), artist, was born on 16 June 1858 at Darlinghurst, Sydney, eldest of four children of John Russell, Scottish engineer, and his wife Charlotte Elizabeth, née Nicholl, a Londoner. His father had migrated as a boy and was a partner in his brother's engineering firm, (Sir) P. N. Russell & Co. John Peter was educated with his brother Percy (later an architect) at… more

Grant Wood Grant Wood 1891 - 1942 American

Grant Wood is known for his stylized and subtly humorous scenes of rural people, Iowa cornfields, and mythic subjects from American history‚ÄĒsuch as the Art Institute‚Äôs iconic painting American Gothic (1930). Along with other Midwestern Regionalist painters like John Steuart Curry and Thomas Hart Benton, Wood advocated for a realistic style and recognizable subjects that showed local places and‚Ķ more

Francis Bacon Francis Bacon 1909 - 1992 British

Francis Bacon was born in Dublin, Ireland to British parents in 1909. He moved to London in the 1920’s as his relationship with his father soured due to his emerging sexual identity as a homosexual.

Bacon lived a near vagrant life in and around London and spent a lot of time drinking and gambling in Soho. He survived on a very small allowance and was living in poverty until he started… more

Jean-Michel Basquiat Jean-Michel Basquiat 1960 - 1988 American

Jean-Michel Basquiat ( December 22, 1960 ‚Äď August 12, 1988) was an American artist who rose to success during the 1980s as part of the Neo-expressionism movement.

Basquiat first achieved fame as part of the graffiti duo SAMO, alongside Al Diaz, writing enigmatic epigrams in the cultural hotbed of Manhattan's Lower East Side during the late 1970s, where rap, punk, and street art… more

Arnulf Rainer Arnulf Rainer 1929 Austrian

Arnulf Rainer (born 8 December 1929) is an Austrian painter noted for his abstract informal art.

Rainer was born in Baden, Austria. During his early years, Rainer was influenced by Surrealism. In 1950, he founded the Hundsgruppe (dog group) together with Ernst Fuchs, Arik Brauer, and Josef Mikl. After 1954, Rainer's style evolved towards … more

Francis Bacon Francis Bacon 1909 - 1992 British

Francis Bacon was born in Dublin, Ireland to British parents in 1909. He moved to London in the 1920’s as his relationship with his father soured due to his emerging sexual identity as a homosexual.

Bacon lived a near vagrant life in and around London and spent a lot of time drinking and gambling in Soho. He survived on a very small allowance and was living in poverty until he started… more

Pierre Soulages Pierre Soulages 1919 French

Pierre Soulages was born on December 24, 1919, in Rodez, in the south of France. As a child, he was fascinated by the Celtic carvings in the local museum and the architecture of the abbey of Sainte-Foy in nearby Conques, and these early impressions would continue to surface throughout his career. In 1938, inspired by the works of Paul C√©zanne and Pablo Picasso, he enrolled in the √Čcole‚Ķ more

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec 1864 - 1901 French

An aristocratic, alcoholic dwarf known for his louche lifestyle, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec created art that was inseparable from his legendary life. His career lasted just over a decade and coincided with two major developments in late nineteenth-century Paris: the birth of modern printmaking and the explosion of nightlife culture. Lautrec’s posters promoted Montmartre entertainers as… more

Georg Baselitz Georg Baselitz 1938 German

Georg Baselitz (born 23 January 1938) is a German painter, sculptor and graphic artist. In the 1960s he became well known for his figurative, expressive paintings. In 1969 he began painting his subjects upside down in an effort to overcome the representational, content-driven character of his earlier work and stress the artifice of painting. Drawing from myriad influences,… more

Jackson Pollock Jackson Pollock 1912 - 1956 American

Paul Jackson Pollock (January 28, 1912 ‚Äď August 11, 1956) was an American painter and a major figure in the abstract expressionist movement. He was widely noticed for his "drip technique" of pouring or splashing liquid household paint onto a horizontal surface, enabling him to view and paint his canvases from all angles. It was also called all-over painting and action painting, since he‚Ķ more

Georg Baselitz Georg Baselitz 1938 German

Georg Baselitz (born 23 January 1938) is a German painter, sculptor and graphic artist. In the 1960s he became well known for his figurative, expressive paintings. In 1969 he began painting his subjects upside down in an effort to overcome the representational, content-driven character of his earlier work and stress the artifice of painting. Drawing from myriad influences,… more

Pierre Bonnard Pierre Bonnard 1867 - 1947 French

Pierre Bonnard¬†(French; 3 October 1867¬†‚Äď 23 January 1947) was a French¬†painter,¬†illustrator¬†and¬†printmaker, known especially for the stylized decorative qualities of his paintings and his bold use of color.¬†A founding member of the¬†Post-Impressionist¬†group of¬†avant-garde¬†painters¬†Les Nabis,¬†his early work was strongly influenced by the work of¬†Paul Gauguin, as well as the‚Ķ more

Emil Nolde Emil Nolde 1867 - 1956 German

Emil Nolde¬†(born¬†Hans Emil Hansen; 7 August 1867 ‚Äď 13 April 1956) was a German-Danish painter and¬†printmaker. He was one of the first¬†Expressionists, a member of¬†Die Br√ľcke, and was one of the first¬†oil painting¬†and¬†watercolor¬†painters of the early 20th century to explore color. He is known for his brushwork and expressive choice of colors. Golden yellows and‚Ķ more

Georges Braque Georges Braque 1882 - 1963 French

Georges Braque ( 13 May 1882 ‚Äď 31 August 1963) was a major 20th-century French painter, collagist, draughtsman, printmaker and sculptor. His most notable contributions were in his alliance with Fauvism from 1905, and the role he played in the development of Cubism. Braque's work between 1908 and 1912 is closely associated with that of his colleague Pablo Picasso. Their respective Cubist works‚Ķ more

Joan Miró Joan Miró 1893 - 1983 Spanish

Joan Mir√≥‚Äôs painting The Hunter (Catalan Landscape) brings together the real and the imaginary, abstraction and figuration, and image and text in a way that would characterize much of his work to come. In the canvas‚ÄĒa landscape filled with personal symbols and evocations of life on his family‚Äôs farm in Montroig, Spain, such as a tree trunk sprouting a leaf and the eponymous hunter carrying a‚Ķ more

Yoshitomo Nara Yoshitomo Nara 1959 Japanese

Yoshitomo Nara (Ś•ąŤČĮ Áĺéśôļ, Nara Yoshitomo, born 5 December 1959 in Hirosaki, Aomori Prefecture, Japan) is a Japanese artist. He lives and works in Nasushiobara, Tochigi Prefecture, though his artwork has been exhibited worldwide. Nara has had nearly 40 solo exhibitions since 1984. His art work has been housed at the MoMA and the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (LACMA). His most well-known‚Ķ more

Sigmar Polke Sigmar Polke 1941 - 2010 German

Sigmar Polke¬†(13 February 1941 ‚Äď 10 June 2010) was a German painter and photographer.

Polke experimented with a wide range of styles, subject matters and materials. In the 1970s, he concentrated on photography, returning to paint in the 1980s, when he produced abstract works created by chance through chemical reactions between paint and other products. In the last 20… more

Lucian Freud 1922-2011 British

Lucian Freud was born in Berlin on 8th December 1922. During Hitler’s ascension to power in 1933, Freud moved to England with his family, assuming British citizenship in 1939. With a budding interest in art encouraged by renowned grandfather Sigmund Freud, Lucian Freud was enrolled in Dartington Hall. However, he proved rebellious, prompting a change of schools from Dane court to Bryanston,… more

Juan Gris Juan Gris 1887 - 1927 Spanish

Juan Gris, original name Jos√© Victoriano Gonz√°lez, (born March 23, 1887, Madrid, Spain‚ÄĒdied May 11, 1927, Boulogne-sur-Seine, France), Spanish painter whose lucidly composed still lifes are major works of the style called Synthetic Cubism.

Gris studied engineering at the Madrid School of Arts and Manufactures from 1902 to 1904, but he soon began making drawings for newspapers in the… more

Yan Ming Ááēťł£ Yan Ming Ááēťł£ 1917 - 2005 Chinese

Yan Ming,. Born in 1917. In 1936, he studied at the National Hangzhou Art Academy and later transferred to Shanghai Meizhuan. Masters from Pan Tianshou, Zhang Hongwei, Wang Shengyuan, Xie Gongzhan, and Mr. Wu Fuzhi. Member of the National Hangzhou Art School Painting and Calligraphy Research Association, which was presided over by Mr. Pan Tianshou. In 1938, there was a work to participate in… more

Edward Hopper Edward Hopper American

Edward Hopper was born in Nyack, New York, a town located on the west side of the Hudson River, to a middle-class family that encouraged his artistic abilities. After graduating from high school, he studied briefly at the Correspondence School of Illustrating in New York City (1899‚Äď1900), and then he enrolled in classes at the New York School of Art (1900‚Äď1906). In his shift from illustration‚Ķ more

L. S. Lowry L. S. Lowry 1887 - 1976 British

Laurence Stephen Lowry was an English artist. His drawings and paintings mainly depict Pendlebury, Lancashire, where he lived and worked for more than 40 years, Salford and its vicinity.

Lowry is famous for painting scenes of life in the industrial districts of North West England in the mid-20th century. He developed a distinctive style of painting and is best known… more

Anselm Kiefer Anselm Kiefer 1945 German

Anselm Kiefer (born 8 March 1945) is a German painter and sculptor. He studied with Peter Dreher and Horst Antes at the end of the 1960s. His works incorporate materials such as straw, ash, clay, lead, and shellac. The poems of Paul Celan have played a role in developing Kiefer's themes of German history and the horrors of the Holocaust, as have the spiritual concepts of … more

Andy Warhol Andy Warhol 1928 - 1987 American

Andy Warhol¬†born¬†Andrew Warhola Jr.; August 6, 1928 ‚Äď February 22, 1987) was an American artist, film director, and producer who was a leading figure in the¬†visual art movement¬†known as¬†pop art. His works explore the relationship between artistic expression, advertising, and¬†celebrity culture¬†that flourished by the 1960s, and span a variety of media, including‚Ķ more

George Condo George Condo 1957 American

Born in Concord, New Hampshire in 1957, George Condo lives and works in New York City. He studied Art History and Music Theory at the University of Massachusetts in Lowell, where he became particularly inspired by a course on Baroque and Rococo painting. He moved to Boston and played in a punk band, ‚ÄėThe Girls‚Äô; relocated to New York, where he worked as a printer for Andy Warhol; and spent a‚Ķ more

√Čdouard Manet √Čdouard Manet 1832 - 1883 French

√Čdouard Manet ( 23 January 1832 ‚Äď 30 April 1883) was a French modernist painter. He was one of the first 19th-century artists to paint modern life, as well as a pivotal figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism.

Born into an upper-class household with strong political connections, Manet rejected the naval career originally envisioned for him; he became engrossed in the… more

Pierre-Auguste Renoir Pierre-Auguste Renoir 1841 - 1919 French

Renoir was one of the leading painters of the Impressionist group. He evolved a technique of broken brushstrokes and used bold combinations of pure complementary colours, to capture the light and movement of his landscapes and figure subjects. Following a visit to Italy in 1881 his style changed, becoming more linear and classical.

Renoir was born in Limoges in south-west France, where… more

Claude Monet Claude Monet 1840 - 1926 French

Oscar-Claude Monet ( 14 November 1840 ‚Äď 5 December 1926) was a French painter and founder of impressionist painting who is seen as a key precursor to modernism, especially in his attempts to paint nature as he perceived it. During his long career, he was the most consistent and prolific practitioner of impressionism's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as‚Ķ more

Yan Ming Ááēťł£ Yan Ming Ááēťł£ 1917 - 2005 Chinese

Yan Ming,. Born in 1917. In 1936, he studied at the National Hangzhou Art Academy and later transferred to Shanghai Meizhuan. Masters from Pan Tianshou, Zhang Hongwei, Wang Shengyuan, Xie Gongzhan, and Mr. Wu Fuzhi. Member of the National Hangzhou Art School Painting and Calligraphy Research Association, which was presided over by Mr. Pan Tianshou. In 1938, there was a work to participate in… more

Francis Bacon Francis Bacon 1909 - 1992 British

Francis Bacon was born in Dublin, Ireland to British parents in 1909. He moved to London in the 1920’s as his relationship with his father soured due to his emerging sexual identity as a homosexual.

Bacon lived a near vagrant life in and around London and spent a lot of time drinking and gambling in Soho. He survived on a very small allowance and was living in poverty until he started… more

Zhang XiaoGang 1958 Chinese

Zhang Xiaogang is a Chinese painter and preeminent member of the contemporary Chinese avant-garde. His Surrealist-inspired, stylized portraits executed in smoothly rendered oil paint maintain a formal and stiffly posed aesthetic, focusing on the aftereffects of the Cultural Revolution and the meaning of family, history, and memory in China today. Born in 1958 in Kunming, China… more

Paul Gauguin Paul Gauguin 1848 - 1903 French

Eug√®ne Henri Paul Gauguin ( 7 June 1848 ‚Äď 8 May 1903) was a French Post-Impressionist artist. Unappreciated until after his death, Gauguin is now recognized for his experimental use of color and Synthetist style that were distinct from Impressionism. Toward the end of his life, he spent ten years in French Polynesia. The paintings from this time depict people or landscapes from that region.‚Ķ more

Franz Marc Franz Marc 1880 - 1916 German

Franz Moritz Wilhelm Marc (8 February 1880 ‚Äď 4 March 1916) was a German painter and printmaker, one of the key figures of German Expressionism. He was a founding member of Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider), a journal whose name later became synonymous with the circle of artists collaborating in it.

His mature works mostly depict animals, and are known for bright colouration. He was… more

John Brack John Brack 1920 - 1999 Australian

A realist painter of modern urban life, John Brack emerged during the 1950s in Melbourne as an artist of singular originality and independence. His highly cerebral, smooth and hard-edged painting style was unique in the context of both the expressive figuration of Melbourne contemporaries such as Arthur Boyd and Albert Tucker, and the rapid growth of abstraction in his time.

After… more

ZAO Wou-Ki ŤĶĶśó†śěĀ ZAO Wou-Ki ŤĶĶśó†śěĀ 1921 - 2013 Chinese, French

Known for his proficiency with both Eastern and Western artistic traditions, and his ability to employ both simultaneously within his work, Zao Wou-Ki has become an important figure in mid-century art historical canon. Born Zhao Wou-Ki (assuming the name Zao after 1947) in 1920 in Peking (now Beijing), Wou-Ki attending the National School of Arts, Hangchow, for six years before becoming a… more

Yan Ming Ááēťł£ Yan Ming Ááēťł£ 1917 - 2005 Chinese

Yan Ming,. Born in 1917. In 1936, he studied at the National Hangzhou Art Academy and later transferred to Shanghai Meizhuan. Masters from Pan Tianshou, Zhang Hongwei, Wang Shengyuan, Xie Gongzhan, and Mr. Wu Fuzhi. Member of the National Hangzhou Art School Painting and Calligraphy Research Association, which was presided over by Mr. Pan Tianshou. In 1938, there was a work to participate in… more

Wassily Kandinsky Wassily Kandinsky 1866 - 1944 Russian

Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky¬†( 16 December¬†[O.S. 4 December]¬†1866¬†‚Äď 13 December 1944) was a Russian painter and art theorist. Kandinsky is generally credited as one of the pioneers of abstraction in western art, possibly after Hilma af Klint. Born in Moscow, he spent his childhood in Odessa, where he graduated at Grekov Odessa Art school. He enrolled at the University of‚Ķ more

Yan Ming Ááēťł£ Yan Ming Ááēťł£ 1917 - 2005 Chinese

Yan Ming,. Born in 1917. In 1936, he studied at the National Hangzhou Art Academy and later transferred to Shanghai Meizhuan. Masters from Pan Tianshou, Zhang Hongwei, Wang Shengyuan, Xie Gongzhan, and Mr. Wu Fuzhi. Member of the National Hangzhou Art School Painting and Calligraphy Research Association, which was presided over by Mr. Pan Tianshou. In 1938, there was a work to participate in… more

Alex Katz Alex Katz 1927 American

Alex Katz (born July 24, 1927) is an American figurative artist known for his paintings, sculptures, and prints.  - Wikipedia

Gerhard Richter Gerhard-Richter 1932 German

Known for his use of both photorealism and abstraction in painting, often simultaneously, Gerhard Richter is one of the most important artists working today. Born on 9 February 1932 in Dresden, he began his career as an advertisement and stage painter before attending art school first in Dresden, then in Dusseldorf. The significance of Richter’s career and body of work is evident in his many… more

Albert Oehlen Albert Oehlen 1954 German

Albert Oehlen, born in 1954 in Krefeld, is a German painter living and working in Cologne, Germany. Marked by freedom and creativity, Oehlen’s oeuvre is characterized by expressionist brushwork, écriture automatique, the history of abstraction and an ongoing quest for new extremes.

In the 80s, Oehlen became a dominant figure in the Berlin and Cologne art scene, alongside the Neue Wilde… more

Arthur Boyd Arthur Boyd 1920 - 1999 Australian

Arthur Merric Bloomfield Boyd¬†(24 July 1920 ‚Äď 24 April 1999) was a leading Australian painter of the middle to late 20th century. Boyd's work ranges from impressionist renderings of Australian landscape to starkly expressionist figuration, and many canvases feature both. Several famous works set Biblical stories against the Australian landscape, such as¬†The Expulsion‚Ķ more

Salvador Dalí Salvador Dalí 1904 - 1989 Spanish

Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dal√≠ i Dom√®nech, Marquess of Dal√≠ of P√ļbol¬†( 11 May 1904¬†‚Äď 23 January 1989) was a Spanish surrealist artist renowned for his technical skill, precise draftsmanship, and the striking and bizarre images in his work.

Born in Figueres, Catalonia, Spain, Dalí received his formal education in fine arts in Madrid. Influenced by Impressionism… more

Yue Min Jun Yue Min Jun 1962 Chinese

Yue Minjun is a contemporary Chinese artist known for his inventive take on self-portraiture. Grouped into the Cynical Realism movement in China, alongside artists Fang Lijun and Liu Wei, he refutes this labelling of his work. His brightly colored depictions of maniacally laughing figures are influenced both by Pop Art and Surrealism. His works act as a tacit form of social and political… more

Henri Matisse Henri Matisse 1869 - 1954 French

Henri √Čmile Beno√ģt Matisse ( 31 December 1869 ‚Äď 3 November 1954) was a French visual artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painter.[1] Matisse is commonly regarded, along with Pablo Picasso, as one of the artists who best helped to define the revolutionary developments in‚Ķ more

Martin Kippenberger Martin Kippenberger 1953 - 1997 German

Martin Kippenberger¬†(25 February 1953 ‚Äď 7 March 1997) was a German¬†artist¬†known for his extremely prolific output in a wide range of styles and media,¬†superfiction¬†as well as his provocative, jocular and hard-drinking public persona.

Kippenberger was "widely regarded as one of the most talented German artists of his generation, according to Roberta Smith of the New… more

Roy Lichtenstein Roy Lichtenstein 1923 - 1997 American

Roy Fox Lichtenstein¬†(¬†October 27, 1923¬†‚Äď September 29, 1997) was an American¬†pop artist. During the 1960s, along with¬†Andy Warhol,¬†Jasper Johns, and¬†James Rosenquist¬†among others, he became a leading figure in the new art movement. His work defined the premise of pop art through¬†parody.¬†Inspired by‚Ķ more

Brett Whiteley Brett Whiteley 1939 - 1992 Australian

Australian painter, born in Sydney, where he studied at the Julian Ashton Art School, 1957‚Äď9. In 1960 he travelled to Europe on a scholarship and after a few months in Italy moved to London in 1961. At this time there was something of a vogue for Australian art in Britain and he quickly achieved success: he won the international prize at the Paris *Biennale for Young Artists in 1961 and had‚Ķ more

Chu Teh-Chun śúĪŚĺ∑Áĺ§ Chu Teh-Chun 1920 -2014 Chinese, French

Chu Teh-Chun¬†or¬†Zhu Dequn¬†(24 October 1920 ‚Äď 26 March 2014) was a¬†Chinese-French¬†abstract painter acclaimed for his pioneering style integrating traditional¬†Chinese painting¬†techniques with Western¬†abstract art. Chu Teh-Chun enrolled in the National School of Fine Arts (now¬†China Academy of Art), where he studied under¬†Fang Ganmin¬†and Wu Dayu. He was the first‚Ķ more

Ilya Repin Ilya Repin 1844 - 1930 Russian

Repin was the leading artist in the Russian Realist movement in the late 19th century. He was born in the Ukraine, and started as an icon painter. From 1864 to 1873 he studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in St Petersburg. From 1873 to 1876 he was in Paris, where he was influenced by Delacroix and plein-air painting. In 1878 he joined the Wanderers (Peredvizhniki), a group of artists concerned… more

Georges Seurat Georges Seurat 1859 - 1891 French

Neo-Impressionism is a term applied to an avant-garde art movement that flourished principally in France from 1886 to 1906. Led by the example of Georges Seurat, artists of the Neo-Impressionist circle renounced the random spontaneity of Impressionism in favor of a measured painting technique grounded in science and the study of optics. Encouraged by contemporary writing on color theory‚ÄĒthe‚Ķ more

David Hockney David Hockney 1937 British

David Hockney was born in Bradford on 9th July 1937. At 11, he purposefully failed his test while on a scholarship to Bradford Grammer School to get away from academics.

At age 16, he began studying art, attending the Bradford School of Art for three years. Later, he enrolled in the National Service, opting to be a conscientious objector rather than serve in the army. After this, he… more

El Lissitzky El Lissitzky 1890 - 1941 Russian

Lazar Markovich Lissitzky¬†( 23 November¬†[O.S. 11 November]¬†1890 ‚Äď 30 December 1941), known as¬†El Lissitzky¬†(Russian:¬†–≠–Ľ—Ć –õ–ł—Ā–łŐĀ—Ü–ļ–ł–Ļ, Yiddish:¬†◊Ę◊ú ◊ú◊ô◊°◊ô◊¶◊ß◊ô), was a Russian artist, designer, photographer, typographer, polemicist and architect. He was an important figure of the Russian avant-garde, helping develop suprematism with his mentor, Kazimir Malevich, and‚Ķ more

Camille Pissarro Camille Pissarro 1830 - 1903 French

Camille Pissarro¬†(¬†10 July 1830¬†‚Äď 13 November 1903) was a Danish-French Impressionist and Neo-Impressionist painter born on the island of St Thomas (now in the US Virgin Islands, but then in the Danish West Indies). His importance resides in his contributions to both Impressionism and Post-Impressionism. Pissarro studied from great forerunners, including Gustave Courbet and‚Ķ more

Wu Guanzhong ŚźīŚÜ†šł≠ Wu Guanzhong ŚźīŚÜ†šł≠ 1919 2010 Chinese

Inspired by the vibrant colors of the Fauves and the energy-in-motion of traditional Chinese calligraphy, Wu Guanzhong achieved an elegant reconciliation of Western and Eastern aesthetics and became one of the acknowledged founders of modern Chinese painting. ‚ÄúIf a painting contains no abstraction nor impressionistic elements,‚ÄĚ he said of his syncretic approach, ‚Äúit is a kite that will never‚Ķ more

Sidney Nolan Sidney Nolan 1917 - 1992 Australian

Sir Sidney Robert Nolan¬†(22 April 1917¬†‚Äď 28 November 1992) was one of Australia's leading artists of the 20th century. Working in a wide variety of mediums, his oeuvre is among the most diverse and prolific in all of modern art. He is best known for his series of paintings on legends from Australian history, most famously Ned Kelly, the bushranger and outlaw. Nolan's stylised‚Ķ more

Marc Chagall Marc Chagall 1887 - 1985 Russian

Marc Chagall was born on July 7, 1887, in Vitebsk, Russia. From 1907 to 1910 he studied in Saint Petersburg, at the Imperial Society for the Protection of the Arts, and later with Léon Bakst. In 1910 he moved to Paris, where he associated with Guillaume Apollinaire and Robert Delaunay and encountered Fauvism and Cubism. He participated in the Salon des Indépendants and the Salon d’Automne in… more

Käthe Kollwitz 1867 - 1945 German

Born in the Prussian city of Königsberg (now Kaliningrad, Russia) in 1867, Käthe Kollwitz established herself in an art world dominated by men by developing an aesthetic vision centered on women and the working class. Her representations of women, including her frequent self-portraits, effectively communicated her subjects’ predicaments during a period when women were still negotiating ways to… more

Edgar Degas Edgar Degas 1834 - 1917 French

Edgar Degas ( 19 July 1834 ‚Äď 27 September 1917) was a French Impressionist artist famous for his pastel drawings and oil paintings.

Degas also produced bronze sculptures, prints and drawings. Degas is especially identified with the subject of dance; more than half of his works depict dancers. Although Degas is regarded as one of the founders of Impressionism, he rejected the term,… more

Zhang XiaoGang 1958 Chinese

Zhang Xiaogang is a Chinese painter and preeminent member of the contemporary Chinese avant-garde. His Surrealist-inspired, stylized portraits executed in smoothly rendered oil paint maintain a formal and stiffly posed aesthetic, focusing on the aftereffects of the Cultural Revolution and the meaning of family, history, and memory in China today. Born in 1958 in Kunming, China… more

Pablo Picasso Pablo Picasso 1881- 1973 Spanish

Pablo Ruiz Picasso¬†(25 October 1881 ‚Äď 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor,¬†printmaker,¬†ceramicist¬†and¬†theatre designer¬†who spent most of his adult life in France. Regarded as one of the most influential artists of the 20th century, he is known for co-founding the¬†Cubist¬†movement, the invention of¬†constructed sculpture,¬†the co-invention of¬†collage, and for the wide‚Ķ more